HISTORY 221: AFRICA TO 1919
Aug. 31: INTRODUCTION
Sept. 1: LECTURE: West Africa and Central Africa--Traditional States
Sept. 2: DISCUSSION: History from Unwritten Sources
McCall, Africa in Time-Perspective (skim chapters six and seven)
Klein and Johnson:
Chapter 1: The Early Record
Person, "Chronology and Oral Tradition"
Oliver, "The Problem of the Bantu Expansion"
Collins: Problem II. Bantu Origins and Migrations
Read Guthrie and Greenberg
K & J: Coquery-Vedrovitch, "Research on an African Mode of Production" in Chapter 1
Collins: Reefe, "The Luba-Lunda Empire"
Collins: Problem V. Women in African Societies
Read introduction and Oyewumi
Sept. 3: LECTURE: South and East Africa--Traditional States
Sept. 4: DISCUSSION: Traditional States
K & J: Chapter 2--African Kingdoms
Vansina, "A Comparison of African Kingdoms"
Beattie, "Bunyoro: An African Feudality?"
Collins: Musisi in Problem V
Collins: Problem III. African Trade and States
Read introduction, Omer-Cooper, Vansina
Bradbury, "The Kingdom of Benin"
Lombard, "The Kingdom of Dahomey"
Sept. 7: NO CLASS
Sept. 8: LECTURE: Africa and Portugal--Kongo and N=gola/Ndongo
Sept. 9: DISCUSSION: Case Study of a Traditional State--Kongo
Davidson, The African Slave Trade, Chapter 4 on
Hilton, The Kingdom of Kongo
Thornton, The Kingdom of the Kongo
FIRST PAPER DUE: Traditional States and/or Kongo
(suggested length of 4 pages)
Sept. 10: LECTURE: Portuguese Mozambique, the Portuguese Slave
Trade and the Northern European Slave Trade
Sept. 11: DISCUSSION: The Slave Trade
K & J: Chapter 3--Africa and the Slave Trade
Fage, "Slavery and the Slave Trade in the
Context of West African History"
Rodney, "African Slavery and Other Forms
of Oppression on Upper Guinea Coast"
Collins: Problem VI. Slavery in Africa
Read introduction, Meirs and Kopytoff,
Lovejoy and Kopytoff
Collins: Klein in Problem V
Davidson, The African Slave Trade
Curtin, Africa Remembered, Part I (but skim introduction to Ayuba Suleiman Diallo), SKIP Part II and READ Part III, 9 and 10
Sept. 14: LECTURE: Africa and Europe, 1800-1879
DISCUSSION: Islam in Africa
Collins: Problem IV. Islam in Africa
Sept. 15: NO CLASS
SECOND PAPER DUE: Slavery and Slave Trade Controversies
(suggested length of 3 pages)
Sept. 16: DISCUSSION: Toward Colonial Rule
K & J: Wrigley, "The Christian Revolution in Buganda"
Spitzer, "The Sierra Leone Creoles" from Africa and
Herskowitz, AThe Sierra Leoneans of Yorubaland@
K & J: Lynch, "The Native Pastorate Controversy"
Idowu, "Assimilation in 19th Century Senegal"
Collins: Brooks in Problem V
K & J: Dike, "The Rise of Ja Ja"
Collins: Jones in Problem III
Sept. 17: LECTURE: Berlin and the Scramble for Africa
Sept. 18: DISCUSSION: What Caused the Scramble for Africa?
K & J: Hopkins, "Economic Imperialism in Western
Africa: Lagos, 1880-1892"--READ VERY CAREFULLY
Selections from Betts and Collins, Historical Problems of Imperial Africa (handouts)
Sept. 21: SHORT LECTURE: Themes in Colonial History
DISCUSSION: Collaboration or Resistance?
Collins: Collaboration or Resistance to European Rule? (handouts from Problem II)
K & J: Chapter 7--The Transformation of African Life
Balandier, "Messianism and Nationalism in Black Africa"
Chapter 8--Resistance and Nationalism
Ajayi, "Nineteenth Century Origins of
Iliffe, "The Organization of the Maji Maji
Ranger, "Connections Between 'Primary Resistance' Movements and Modern
Mass Nationalism in East and Central
Sept. 22: DISCUSSION: Patterns of Colonialism
Collins: Colonial Rule in Africa (handouts from Problem III)
K & J: Chapter 6--Colonial Domination
Crowder, "Indirect Rule--French and British Style"
Ogot, "British Administration in the Central
Nyanza District of Kenya, 1900-1960"
Clignet & Foster, "French and British
Colonial Education in Africa"
Sept. 23: Third Paper Due: Berlin and the Scramble or Colonial Domination or African Resistance
(suggested length of 5 to 6 pages)