John Gray was born in Carluke, Scotland, July 4, 1889, the son of Rev. John Gray, a minister of the United Presbyterian Church in Rothesay, Scotland. Young Gray attended high school in Stirling, Scotland. His earliest office training was with James Kerr, an architect in Lanark, and Sir John J. Burnet, an architect in Glasgow and London. Gray was associated with these two firms from 1904-1912. During the years 1909-1910, he studied architecture at the Glasgow School of Art.
In 1912 he came to Chicago where he worked for Holabird and Roche, Architects (1913), and Shipley, Rutan, and Coolidge, Architects (1914-1915). During this period he also attended night classes at the Art Institute of Chicago (1912-1913). While in Chicago he worked on new buildings for the University of Chicago, notably the Ida Noyes Hall for Women.
During World War I, Gray served as a warrant officer in the Canadian 5th Battalion Engineers, 2nd Division, and was awarded a meritorious service medal in France in 1918.
He returned to Chicago in 1919 where he was associated with Schmidt, Garden and Martin. From 1920-1922 Gray was employed by Coolidge and Hodgdon. With this firm her again worked on buildings of the University of Chicago, especially the Bond Memorial Chapel.
In 1922 Gray moved to Colorado for health reasons, and became associated with William White Stickney of Pueblo. During his three years with the Pueblo firm he designed the Colorado Springs Day Nursery, a gift of Alice Bemis Taylor in 1923. Later he was employed by the Allied Architects of Denver and M. H. and B. Hoyt of Denver. Gray designed many schools in southern Colorado including the oldest building on the University of Southern Colorado campus. He also worked on St. Martin's Chapel in Denver and the Denver Civic Center.
In 1929 Gray established a private practice in Pueblo. Shortly afterwards he submitted his designs for a chapel at Colorado College, and was selected from a group of nine architects in a national competition. Apart from small residences, Shove Memorial Chapel was Gray's first commission completed in his own name.
During World War II, he was commissioned as Flying Officer in the Royal Canadian Air Force. After the war, Gray moved to New England where he designed a number of public buildings.
Upon his retirement, Gray and his wife returned to Pueblo. They moved to Los Alamos, New Mexico shortly before his death in 1975.
1889 Born July 4, Carluke Scotland 1889-1904 Attended high school of Stirling, Scotland 1909-1910 Attended Glasgow School of Art, Scotland 1913 Employee of Holabird and Roche, Chicago 1914-1915 Employee of Shipley, Rutan and Coolidge, Chicago 1915-1919 Served with Royal Canadian Engineers during WWI 1919-1920 Employed Schmidt, Garden and Martin, Chicago 1920-1922 Employed Coolidge, and Hodgdon, Chicago 1922-1925 Associated with W.W. Stickney Pueblo, Colorado 1925-1926 Associated with Allied Architects of Denver 1926-1927 Associated with M.H. and B. Hoyt of Denver 1927-1929 Associated with Allied Architects of Denver 1929 Selected in a national competition to design Shove Memorial Chapel at Colorado College 1931 Received Honorary Master of Fine Arts Degree, Colorado College ca1941 Commissioned as Flying Officer in Royal Canadian Air Force during WWII Retired to Pueblo 1975 Died October 26, at Los Alamos, New Mexico
The collection consists primarily of John Gray's correspondence and related items pertaining to the design and construction of Shove Memorial Chapel. Correspondence with college officials, contractors, subcontractors, suppliers, and artists comprise the bulk of the collection. Architectural drawings and photographs are also included.
An unpublished manuscript for a guidebook to Shove Memorial Chapel written by John Gray in 1975 is one of the most significant items in the collection since it represents the architect's own concepts for the chapel. The guidebook describes in detail the development of each of the stained glass windows, the memorial tablets, the bells and clock, the lighting, acoustics and public address system, heating and ventilation system, and the electrical system.
As much as possible John Gray's own arrangement has been maintained in the collection. Most of the file titles are taken directly from the original folders. However, during the course of the processing it was noted that in some cases the folders also included material about subjects not indicated by the title. For example, a folder titled "Colorado College Officials" contains correspondence on a variety of topics. This file was used apparently by the architect for letters which dealt with more than one subject, such as the organ and a particular window. Several other folders have this "catch-all" character and should be consulted by the researchers desiring complete coverage of particular topics.
Box 1 I COMPETITION DATA Fd. 1 Preliminary sketches of Colorado 61 items College Fd. 2 Competition materials 12 items Fd. 3 Early correspondence with college 21 items officials and others II SPECIFICATIONS Fd. 4 "Outline specifications for 1 item Colorado College Chapel" Fd. 5 "Specifications for the General 3 items Contract" 1930 (3 copies) Fd. 6 "General Contract Specifications," 1 item 1930 with Addenda No. 1, No. 2, and No. 3. Fd. 7 "Electrical Contract Specifications" 6 items (2 copies) "Heating and Ventilating Specifications" "Specifications for Pews and Interior Furnishings", 1931 (2 copies) "Proposal form" Fd. 8 Cost estimates 37 items Notes, correspondence, and final version Fd. 9 Architect's agreement and bills to 67 items the college Fd. 10 Finances 23 items III CONTRACTS Fd. 11 Contractors before bids 24 items Fd. 12 General contract bids 12 items Fd. 13 Platt Rogers 82 items Monthly estimates Fd. 14 Platt Rogers 72 items correspondence, invoices, additions, and deductions to original contract Fd. 15 J. W. McCullough, civil engineer 35 items Fd. 16 Sub-bidders 46 items Fd. 17 Concrete tests 14 items Box 2 IV ELECTRICAL LIGHTING Fd. 18 Electrical bids 9 items Fd. 19 Sturgeon Electric Co. 72 items Fd. 20 George Mills and Curtis Lighting Co. 84 items Fd. 21 Lighting fixtures 48 items Fd. 22 Lighting 68 items V HEATING, VENTILATION, AND PLUMBING Fd. 23 Bids 38 items Fd. 24 Heating and Ventilation contract, 34 items McCarthy & Co. Fd. 25 Heating and Ventilation, Sept. 1929- 57 items Feb 1930 Fd. 26 Heating and Ventilation, Mar. 1930- 58 items Dec. 1931 VI ROOF, HARDWARE, FLOORS, ETC. Fd. 27 Roof 29 items Fd. 28 Hardware 6 items Fd. 29 Floors, tiles, etc. 9 items Box 3 VII INTERIOR Fd. 30 Interior decoration 77 items Fd. 31 Wood carving, balcony fronts 28 items VIII TABLETS AND INSCRIPTIONS Fd. 32 Bronze tablet, etc. 100 items Fd. 33 Inscriptions 20 items IX FURNISHINGS Fd. 34 Pews 76 items Fd. 35 Pews 68 items Fd. 36 Lecture room furnishings 50 items Fd. 37 Cushions, choir rail, pulpit, etc 63 items Fd. 38 Visitors' desk 40 items Fd. 39 Sign board, document frames 55 items Fd. 40 Choir robes 5 items Fd. 41 Communion set 22 items Fd. 42 Radio, public address system 73 items Fd. 43 Acoustics 27 items Box 4 X ORGAN Fd. 44 Frederick Boothroyd 38 items Fd. 45 Organ companies 76 items Fd. 46 Bid file 15 items Fd. 47 Bids and Correspondence 39 items Fd. 48 Reuter organ 29 items Fd. 49 Welte-Tripp Organ Co., 1930 66 items Fd. 50 Welte-Tripp Organ Co., 1931 83 items Fd. 51 Welte-Tripp Organ Co., 1932 32 items XI BELLS Fd. 52 Bells, chimes 66 items Fd. 53 Gillette and Johnson 90 items Fd. 54 Gillette and Johnson 45 items Fd. 55 Bells and Organ (heating) 28 items Fd. 56 Extras in the general contract, 27 items hoisting bells, organ installation Box 5 XII WINDOWS Fd. 57 General Correspondence 85 items Fd. 58 Carlton window 26 items Fd. 59 Jackson window 32 items Fd. 60 Shove Memorial Window 76 items Fd. 61 Nave windows 42 items Fd. 62 Nave windows, stained glass 77 items Fd. 63 Aisle windows 24 items Fd. 64 Other windows 41 items XIII STAINED GLASS Fd. 65 Drafts 9 items Fd. 66 Contracts and payments 48 items Fd. 67 Correspondence 72 items Fd. 68 Clippings 4 items Fd. 69 Leaded glass 49 items Box 6 XIV ANCIENT STONES Fd. 70 Requests for stone, Nov. 1929- 49 items Feb. 1930 Fd. 71 Requests for stone, Mar.-May 1930 46 items Fd. 72 Requests for stone, Jun. 1930- 70 items Feb. 1931 Fd. 73 Stone, authenticity documents 16 items Fd. 74 Stone 22 items Fd. 75 Cornerstone laying 31 items Fd. 76 Models for stone carving 71 items XV PUBLICITY Fd. 77 News releases 11 items Fd. 78 Clippings 24 items Fd. 79 Correspondence 63 items Fd. 80 Clippings, calendar, booklet 6 items XVI MISCELLANEOUS CORRESPONDENCE Fd. 81 Shove family 32 items Fd. 82 Site preparation and landscaping 17 items Fd. 83 Dedication of Shove Chapel 13 items Fd. 84 Description, 1940 2 items Fd. 85 Description of Architecture and 22 items Color Decoration Fd. 86 Colorado License 5 items Fd. 87 Publishers 25 items Fd. 88 Honorary degree 5 items Fd. 89 Laura Gilpin 4 items Fd. 90 Colorado College officials 81 items Fd. 91 Miscellaneous matters, 1933-41 58 items Box 7 XVII PROPOSED GUIDEBOOK Fd. 92 "The Shove Memorial Chapel of Colorado 1 item College: The Iconography of the Stained Glass Windows," 1975 (original typescript) Fd. 93 Shove Guidebook (unnumbered chapters 1 item of original typescript) Fd. 94 Data for guidebook 2 items "Painted ceilings" by Robert Wade "Description of building" Fd. 95 Data for guidebook 10 items Fd. 96 Clippings 10 items Fd. 97 Manuscript draft 1 item Fd. 98 Manuscript draft 1 items Fd. 99 Correspondence with Lloyd Worner 23 items concerning proposed guidebook, 1975 XVIII DRAWINGS AND PHOTOGRAPHS Mounted drawings and photographs of window 22 items designs. (Three oversize photographs of rose windows placed with architectural drawings) Fd. 100 Photographs 62 items Shove Chapel under construction (interior and exterior details) 2 3/4" x 4 1/2" b. & w. (25 items) Shove Chapel cornerstone ceremony 5" x 7" b. & w. (11 items) Colorado College buildings postcard views, col. (9 items) Campus buildings and views by H. L. Standley 8" x 10" b. & w. (3 items) 5" x 7" b. & w. (3 items 6 1/2" x 14 1/2" b. & w. (1 item) The Ealde Chirche 5" x 7" b. & w. (5 items) Fd. 101 Negatives 49 items Shove Chapel under construction 2 5/8" x 4 1/4" b. & w. (40 items) Shove Chapel, exterior views 2 5/7" x 4 1/4" b. & w. (9 items) XIX ARCHITECTURAL DRAWINGS 153 items (See Appendix) FULL SIZE DRAWINGS Box 8 Fd. 1 500 Section thru exterior base courses Plan at Entrance portico, West elevation Window W2, Basement floor 501 Full size detail of door to lecture room (ED 5) 502 Section through arch entrance portico window W136 Men's Toilet Inscription panel recesses at Entrance port- ico west elevation 503 Full size sill, Louvre openings 01,02,03 Full size windows W8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15 Fresh air intake universal heater lecture room 504 Section coping on tower Profiles of cap course, sill and buttresses Morning chapel and tower 505 Details of upper and lower recesses, string courses of pinnacles on west elevation 506 Side elevation of Col. Capitals, entrance portical, west elevation 507 Front elevation of Col. Capitals, entrance portical, west elevation 508 Full size detail of windows 135 in north vestibule 509 Full size detail of windows 135 in north vestibule Fd 2 510 Detail of entrance doorway ED 7 North Vestibule 511 Section thru Arch doorway ED7 North Vestibule Plan at jamb " " " " " Exterior elevation " " " " 512 Plan and section at jamb, entrance doorway ED 4 south hall Section thru sill, entrance doorway ED 6 north hall Exterior Elevation of door ED 6 513 Detail of coping & buttress offsets, N & S vest. & south hall Section Gable coping 514 Stone corbel under wood bracket entrance to north hall Side elevation End elevation 515 1/2 elevation of arch windows W115, 116, 117 Morning Chapel 516 Full size section thru windows W115, 116, 117 Morning Chapel 517 Full size section thru windows in North & South Aisles 518 Plan ar arched opening Narthex & North Vestibule Section thru cap course NJ & S walls of entry Section thru cap course Nave Piers Elevation of camfer stop, base or arch opening Plan of stone jamb, door D 106 Plan of jamb of openings between narthex & entry 519 Details of window W114 South Hall Details of window 218 & 219 upper part of South Hall FD 3 520 Details of window W112 & 113 South Hall 521 Full size detail of corner stone 522 Full size detail of clerestory windows 523 Elevation base of Col. Ent. door ED7 to North Vestibule 524a Full size detail east windows morning chapel W118 524b Full size detail east windows morning chapel W118 524c Full size detail east windows morning chapel W118 524d Full size detail east windows interior elevation of head Fd 4 526a Full size detail west entrance ED 1 & ED 2 526b Full size detail west entrance ED 1 & ED 2 526c Full size detail stone inscription 527 Full size detail radiator grilles in entry west end 528a,b,c West Window 529 Panels of pinnacles, west elevation 530a,b Inscription east wall exterior morning chapel Fd 5 531 Full size detail of stone finial on coping of west gable 532a,b Full size detail of recess for bronze tablet in north hall of morning chapel 533 Full size detail of stone recess sill east elevation of pinnacles 534 Full size detail of offset in corner of pinnacles at elevation window sill on west elevation 535 Full size detail of stone coping on west gable 536 Full size detail of light recess in north wall of morning chapel 537 Full size detail of stone scupper south wall of morning chapel 538 Full size detail of stone opening between radio operators room and chancel 539 Full size detail of opening morning chapel & radio operators room Fd. 6 540 Full size detail of kick plates ED 1,2,3,4,7 D 111-117 541a,b,c Full size detail of arched opening morning chapel to chancel 542a,b Arch entry to South Transept 543a,b Arch entry to Morning Chapel 544a,b,c Full size detail of column of crossing arch to chancel Fd. 7 545 Full size detail of stone arch at D117 from north transept to north hall 546a,b,c Full size detail of stone arches at D112 & D113 from chancel 547a,b Full size detail door & frame at D109 -110 548a,b Full size detail door & frame at D111 549 Full size detail door & frame D117 550 Full size detail of Door 201-203 Box 9 Fd.8 551a,b Full size detail of W1 upper ED3,4,7 and lower 552a,b Full size detail of rose windows in north transept W 235 553a,b Full size detail of rose windows in south transept W 217 554a,b Full size detail of rose windows in chancel W226 555 Full size detail of door & frame D112, D113 D114 556 Full size detail W-3-3,403, 501, 502 Sill W 301, 302, 304, 305, 401, 402, 404,405 String course elevation 37'9" in crossing; String course at elevation 45' 10" in crossing, string course at elevation 57' 10 1/2" tower Fd. 9 557 Full size detail and 1 1/2" scale details of shed roof at exterior door to north hall 558a,b,c Full size detail of louvered openings in bell chamber 559 Full size detail of engaged column at three corners of tower and tower coping 560 Full size detail of oak louvers in arched openings to bell chamber 561 Full size detail of copper gutters and lead conductor strops 562 Full size detail of inscription on tower (blue print in case) 563a,b,c,d,e,f,g Full size detail of inscription on tower Fd. 10 564 Full size detail of W1 railing chancel & morning chapel 565 Full size detail of fir beams morning chapel 566a,b Full size detail of turret above tower roof (blue print) 567a,b,c,d Full size detail of narthex screen 567e Detail of center beam of narthex screen 568 Full size detail of conductor head 569 Full size detail of W.1 straps ED5, push bars D 108,109,110 hinge plate D106,107 Fd. 11 570 Full size detail weather vane 571a Full size detail W1 straps ED1, 2 (upper) b Full size detail W1 straps ED1, 2 (lower) 572 Full size detail of Roll molds at crossing of chancel ceilings 573 Full size detail of blackboard and picture mold, west wall of lecture room 574 Full size detail of W1 stair rail at north stairs to west balcony 575 Full size detail of W1 stair rail- south hall & w. rail north & south balcony 576 Full size detail of W1 stair rail north hall a wings at side canopies 577 Full size detail base of organ case Fd. 12 578 Full size detail choir rail Wing at side canopies of organ case 579 Lower spindrel between canopies 580 Base of center canopy 581 Top of center canopy 582 Carved grilles at side of organ case & cornice over fabric screens 583 Full size plan and elevations of pulpit 584 Full size sections through pulpit 585 Rear end details 586 Part elevation upper L.H. carved oak spandrel between canopies of organ case Fd. 13 587 Part elevation upper L.H. carved oak spandrel between canopies of organ case 588 Organ screen details (Pinnacle) 589 Organ screen details (Pinnacle) 590 Organ screen details (canopies) 591 Organ screen plan 592 Full size detail W. I ? grille in crossing 593 Full size detail of communion table 594 Full size detail of communion table 595 Full size detail center seat at pulpit & seat at Morning Chapel 596 Full size detail side seats at pulpit Fd. 14 597 Lectern in Morning Chapel 598 Full size detail of copper enclosures at west balcony 599 Full size detail of upper part of oak memorial tablet in Morning Chapel 600 Full size detail of lower part of oak memorial tablet in Morning Chapel 601 Full size detail W 1 notice board 602 Full size detail Thatcher memorial tablet 603 Full size detail frame for document 604 Full size detail visitor's desk 605a Full size detail sign board east front, ironwork b Full size detail sign board, upper part c Full size detail sign board, lower part d Full size detail signs Box 10 Fd. 1 Correspondence, 1975 Fd. 2 Correspondence, 1929-30 24 items photocopied from materials held by Mrs. Gilmore Fd. 3 Manuscript, 1981 Guidebook prepared by Timothy Fuller Photographs See photograph collection guide for additional photographs of Shove Chapel. Copies made, Sept. 1983 from originals held by family members. Box 11 (oversize) #314 Welte- Tripp Organ Co. ; Console Layout Cable diagram Combed ridge detail Gillette & Johnstone: Proposed arrangement of Ting- Tang clock in tower #4132.1 Mettowee Stone Roofing Slate Layout #4064 G & J Proposed Carillon of 23 bells with frame for hour bell Welte- Tripp Organ Co. - revisions Plan of Organ screen Plan of Organ chambers (2) Colorado Springs Day Nursery J. Gray's list (Not in this collection) SCALE DRAWINGS 15 1/8" Detail partial plans and elevations showing increase in length of chancel 16 Plans showing revisions for organ installation 17 1/4" Plans of blower showing duct for organ wires as installed 200 3/8" Details of chancel and Morning Chapel 201 3/8" Section through west gable and balcony 202 3/8" Details of West elevation, nave and north vestibule 203 3/4" Plan of fresh air intake for universal heater in lecture room Section fresh air intake Section through east wall and robing room Elevation at NE corner of study and robing room Section and elevation through window W10 Elevation of windows W119, W120, W121, W122, W123, W124 Section through windows W13, W14 & W15 Eave section Details of louver openings 204 3/4" Detail Plan and elevation and section, doorway ED 6 to North hall Section through radiator recess on line W.W North hall Section through radiator recess on line T.T North hall Section on line S-S Elevation and shed roof, exterior door to North hall Plan and elevation of window W1 and Area 205 3/4" Details of steps at exterior entrance to south hall 206 3/4" Details of gable coping, buttress offsets and flashing at North and South vestibule 207 3/4" Details of windows W115, W116, and W117 in Morning Chapel 208 1/4" Detail of entry point of steam and water mains 209 3/4" Detail of setting ancient stones 210 3/4" Details of typical clerestory window 211 3/4" Details of east wall of Morning Chapel 212 1/8" and 1/2" Details of Nave piers 213 1/4" plan 3/4" Details transformer room 214 3/4" Details of West entrance doorway 215 1/4" Scale detail of windows 201, 202, 203 & pinnacles west elevation 216 3/4" Detail of recess for bronze tablet in N. hall & Morning Chapel 217 3/4" Detail of D 109 N. vestibule and N. aisle 218 3/4" Detail of junction of Morning Chapel adn S. hall W114, W115 and W219 219 3/4" Detail arches in Morning Chapel 220 3/4" Detail west wall Morning Chapel 221 3/4" Detail entry to Morning Chapel and platform 222 3/4" Detail of south wall of chancel 223 3/4" Section entry to Morning Chapel 224 3/4" Detail stone lintels of arch between crossing and nave 225 3/4" Detail of Morning Chapel, Elevation of south wall 226 3/4" Detail wall of chancel, North elevation 227 3/4" Detail wall of chancel sections 228 3/4" Detail of D117 229a 3/4" Detail of North hall plan at 1st floor b 3/4" Detail of North hall plan at balcony c 3/4" Detail of North hall elevations d,e,f 3/4" Detail of North hall elevations 230 3/4" Detail south hall 231 3/4" Detail north transept rose window 232 1" Detail nave trusses 233 3/4" Detail south transept & chancel rose windows 234 1" wall bolting nave walls 235 1" wall bolting transept walls 236 1" wall bolting transept walls 237 1" transept trusses 238 1" transept trusses hall details 240a *3/4" lower details plan at upper part crossing b *3/4" lower details plan at motor room c *3/4" Lower details plan at bell chamber d *3/4" Lower details north elevation e *3/4" lower details sections looking east and west f *3/4" lower details east elevation lower & sect. chancel g *3/4" lower details 1/2 section lower looking north 241 3/4" detail sketch design of organ screen 242 1/4", 1/2", 3/4" details of reinforcing bell chamber floor 243 3/4" detail of reinforcing bell chamber floor 244 3/4" inscription tower parapet 245 3/4" detail of turret 246a details narthex screen and narthex plan b details narthex screen and narthex section and elevation of screen c details narthex screen and narthex elevations narthex & ________----- 247 3/4" and full size detail transept balcony walls 248 1/2" detail slate floors nave crossing 249 1/2" and full size detail slate floors transepts Morning Chapel 250 3/4" detail organ screen 251 3/4" i8nterior furnishings, choir rail pulpit, etc. 252 1/8" seating plan of pews 253 3/4" and 1 1/2" details of first floor pews 254 3/4" and 1 1/2" details of balcony pews 255 1/2" details of cupboards in study 256 3/4" leaded glass 257 1/4 full size nave lighting equipment 258 1/4 full size detail chancel and crossing lighting equipment 259 1/4" full size detail Morning Chapel 260 1/8" full size oak memorial tablet Morning Chapel 261 1 1/2" scale detail sketch of glazing for W115, W130, W131, W132, W133, and W134 262 sign board east front 263 screens for stained glass windows
last updated 11-19-99, ca